Timeline Of The Ancient World – A Quick Overview

A stone building with Erechtheion in the background

What Is The Timeline Of The Ancient World?

The Timeline of the Ancient World is a virtual tour of the ancient world from the BC era to the fall of the Roman Empire. This interactive website allows you to jump right in with the people, places, and events that defined the early civilizations of the Middle East and BC. The site traces the development of ancient civilisations using a timeline of the ancient world, beginning with the rise of the first true empires. You’ll see how various cultures shaped their world with strategic alliances and political agreements.

What Is Mentioned In The Pages Of The Timeline Of The Ancient World?

An old stone building with Prambanan in the background

Each page in the Timeline of the Ancient World presents a little piece of the history of a particular place. For example, each cycle shows you the rise and fall of the Mauryan dynasty. This cycle highlights the reasons why this dynasty collapsed. By looking closely at the phases of this great dynasties, you can learn a lot about the politics behind the events.

The site also traces the development of prehistoric human history by tracing the paths of the Ice Age. This was the cold period that occurred in the last two hundred years before the start of the Common Era. From this ice age, mankind slowly emerged into a more mobile race, thanks to the superior intellect possessed by the ancient Egyptians. The chronicle also traces the development of farming, which became more advanced around the edge of the Ice Age.

Neolithic Age

The last subdivision of the Mesolithic Era, this stage predates the appearance of agriculture by several thousand years. It is characterized by the appearance of large cranial stone tools, and the appearance of permanent settlements. These discoveries prove that people were living in Europe and the Middle East well before the appearance of farming communities. The human population in the Mediterranean area at this time was much smaller than what it is today, perhaps due to the difficulty of crossing the sea from the Middle East to Europe. At the same time, the Sahara Desert gave birth to the species of large grass, which would eventually become the main source of food for human beings in the Neolithic Age.

The Roman Empire 

This empire reached its height between the third and fifth centuries. On the heels of this development came the construction of the Colosseum, the first official public building, and the Forum, the centre of Rome’s political life. These two public buildings gave the Roman people a sense of civic responsibility, as they were required to respect the rights of others, and to ensure that the tax base supported the governing elite. This period also witnessed the deposition of the last tribune of the Second Roman legion, Flavius Vitruvius, who established the first Christian religion and persecuted Christians. The Roman army continued to expand until the Crisis of the 3rd Century AD, when the province of Judaea was invaded by the Arabs, who had been granted Roman citizenship.

The Dark Ages 

The dark ages lasted between the sixth and tenth centuries. Here, in the far north of Europe, monasteries became the main homes of scores of unhappy souls who had lost everything: their lands, their possessions, even their lives. Urban settlements appeared everywhere, and in general, the life of the villager was difficult. Unlike the earlier periods in ancient history, however, the Middle Ages did not witness a major collapse of any of the major civilisations. On the contrary, it is precisely in the Middle Ages that all Europe experienced one of the strongest expansion of her powers.

The Early Middle Ages

The early medieval period witnessed the decline of most of the powerful empires of the European world, while the Roman Empire, despite being the strongest and most powerful country in Europe at this point in time, was at the end of its long era aghast at the decline of its power and willing to negotiate with any power that wished to rule the world. Feudalism, the system of landowninglords controlling the labour forces, ended, and serfdom began. Charismatic figures, like William the Conqueror, started to emerge on the scene, claiming the throne as emperors and emirs. All this contributed to the development of a new sort of power, one that tried to dominate every aspect of human history: religion. From the time of Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor to the time of Charlemagne’s descendant, Henry II, the Catholic Church grew into a global phenomenon, exerting its will on the entire continent, imposing its rules on every nation that was in the midst of the Dark Age.

Final Thoughts

After the Crisis, the Roman Empire lost most of its territories, and was left with only two kingdoms, which were either extinct or absorbed by others. From this period on, the balance between the state and the church was not quite perfect, as the church was slowly losing its grip over the whole society. The reunification of Germany and Italy was not successful in unifying the Roman Empire, and in the years that followed, major schisms broke out between the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant groups, which numbered around fifty million people. When peace finally came, in the fifth century, the Germanic group became known as the Danelawks, while the Latvians, Czechs, and Poles established their own independent states.

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