Ephesus is originally an ancient Greek city. It is located along the coast of present-day Izmir province in Turkey. Though the lost city is mostly famous for the statue of Artemis, there are other notable places too.
The Temple Of Artemis
Ephesus earned its fame from the Temple of Artemis. The statue of Artemis was one of the ancient seven wonders of the world. Reconstruction of the temple took place twice. It was named an ancient wonder after the completion of its final form.
Chersiphron and his son Metagenes were the main draughtsmen of the temple. Croesus of Lydia funded this project and it took 10 years to complete. Herostratus destroyed this form of the temple in the act of arson. The Ephesians themselves constructed the latter and final form of the temple.
The Greek Goddess Artemis
Artemis is the daughter of the Greek gods, Zeus and Leto. Apollo is her twin sister. The Greeks worship her as a primary goddess of childbirth and midwifery. Artemis is also known for bringing diseases upon women and then curing them. A bow and arrow, quiver, and hunting knives were Artemis’ symbols. Her sacred was a deer and a cypress.
All You Need To Know About Ephesus
Ephesus was a city that stood in place right from the Neolithic Age to the Ottoman Era. The city has faced many natural calamities and attacks from enemies. During the Ottoman era, the town surrendered to a Turkish warlord. The Turks, later on, moved the church of Saint John and the inhabitants to Thyrea, Greece.
After this period, Ephesus regained its prosperity for a short time. The Seljuk rulers added few important architectural pieces like the Isa Bey Mosque and Turkish bathhouses. These bathhouses, also known as hammam, became quite famous around the world. Complete abandonment of the place had happened by the end of the 15th century.
Some Interesting Facts About Ephesus
- The Temple of Artemis contained other structures too besides the multi breasted cult statue of goddess Artemis.
- Ephesus and the Temple of Artemis served as an intersection between the East and West for a long time.
- The fire that probably burnt down the temple and the statue was not a natural calamity. A man purposefully caused the fire to burn the temple.
- The Library of Celsus is a famous structure of Ephesus. An earthquake in 262 A.D. hit a major blow to the library. Although its destruction occurred centuries later.
- Ephesus was not only an important city for pagans. For a long time St. Paul’s ministry was held at Ephesus.
- Ephesus also contained Roman and Greek centers. It also had a theater that seated 17,000 to 25,000 people. Besides this, there was an odeon, a state agora, public toilets and monuments for the emperors.
- The city of Ephesus was also the home to many brilliant minds of ancient times.