The remarkable works of art and sculpture, the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, are a testament to human imagination, illusion, and hard work. However, they are still a reminder of human discord, deterioration, and perhaps enhancement. When a list of “seven wonders” was assembled by an ancient writer, the argument over what accomplishments it was worth including became fodder.
Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid is the only wondrous characteristic of the ancient world that survived to the modern-day. It sits in Giza on the western side of Egypt’s River Nile. It was designed in 2700 B.C. Three pyramid groups – Chups, Khafra, and Menkaura Khafro (Hyphren) (Mycerimus). And 2500 B.C.` As imperial graves. As royal graves. Khufu, nicknamed “The Great Pyramid,” is the highest and most spectacular and is considered to hold more than 2 million steel blocks of between 2-30 tonnes.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
In contemporary Iraq, the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II was constructing the Hanging Gardens of Babylon about 600 BC, the ancient Greek poets reported. The Gardens of the Babylonians. The gardens were allegedly cultivated up to 75 feet in the air on an immense square brick terrace, which was lined up in steps like a theatre. The King supposedly designed the tall gardens to mitigate the natural charm of Amytis’ homesickness in the Papers (the northwestern part of modern-day Iran).
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Sculptor Phidias of Athena built and established the temple of Zeus in Olympia, the site of the ancient Olympic Games, in the mid-fifth century BC, the famous Statue of Zeus, king of gods in Greek mythology. The statue portrayed the god of thunder on a wooden throne. Two carvings, ancient beings with a woman’s head and chest, lion’s torso, and bird’s wings, held on the armrests of the thrones. Zeus’ statue had a lavish gold and ivory decoration. It was 40 feet high and nearly reached the roof of the mosque.
Artemis Temple in Ephesus
In fact, in Ephesus, a Greek harbor, on the west coast of modern-day Turkey was demolished and rebuilt a number of altarpieces and temples on the same site. There was greater than a single Temple of Artemis. Two marble temples constructed around 550 B.C. were the most fabulous of these complexes. And 350 B.C., each. The Sidonian writer Antipater wrote of the Temple of the Artemis in Ephesus, “Beside Olympus, the Sun never looked at any great thing.”
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, located in south-eastern Turkey, was built for her husband, Mausolus, the king of Carnia in Minors, by artemisia after his death in 353 B.C. Mausolus himself was the brother of Artemisia, and according to tradition, she was so saddened by his death that, in response to instructions to create the mausoleum, she combined his clothes with water and drank them. The white marble is fully made and about 135 meters high. The intricate architecture of the house, which comprises 3 rectangular layers, may have attempted to conciliate architectural styles in Lycian, Greco, and Egyptian.
Colossus of Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was a large bronze sculpture created by the Sungod Helios in the third century B.C by the Rhodians over 12 years. The town was a focus in the early 4th century B.C. of the Macedonian siege. The tradition claims that the Rhodians sell the instruments and supplies left behind to pay for the Colossus by the Macedonians. The monument, built by the sculptor Chares, was the largest in the ancient world, at 100 meters. It was carried out around 280 B.C and continued for 60 years before it was overthrown by an earthquake.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Alexandria’s lighthouse was on Pharos, an island in the vicinity of Alexandria. Crafted and completed around 270 B.C by Greek architect Sostratos. The lighthouse was helping direct ships in and beyond the Nile River’s busy harbor during the reign of Ptolemy II. Archeologists discovered ancient coins on which the physical light was seen, from which they inferred that it had 3 levels: a square plane at the base, an octagonal plane at the center, and a cylindrical plane.