The Great Pyramid Of Giza which is regarded as one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world stands tall at 481 feet in Greater Cairo, Egypt. The largest of the three stunning pyramids located in the Giza pyramid complex, The Great Pyramid took about 10 to 20 years to get constructed, eventually concluding around 2560 BC. If you are interested in knowing about the mighty structure, read on to know some interesting facts:
It Was Built For The Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu
The Great Pyramid Of Giza was constructed was built for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu of the4th Dynasty. He was a young ruler and the son of Hetepheres I and Sneferu. His royal family was quite large and he had two wives and many sons and daughters.
The Great Pyramid Weighs 6 Million Tonnes
Weighing about 6 million tonnes, the pyramid required 2.3 million blocks of granite and carbonate sedimentary rock for its construction. Some of these stones were found near the site while the bigger stones arrived from Aswan. Well, it is said that the Great Pyramid consists of 5.5 million tonnes of limestone, 500,000 tonnes of mortar, and 8,000 tonnes of granite. Originally, the structure was enclosed by casing stones made of limestone which formed its underlying core structure.
Once Stood As the World’s Tallest Fabricated Structure
The popular pyramid was once regarded as the world’s tallest structure made by humans. At 481 feet tall, it held this title for over 3,800 years until the construction of Lincoln Cathedral in 1311 AD. Today, it stands at about 455 feet tall due to the effects of erosion.
It Has Three Chambers
The famous Egyptian monument has three chambers. While the lower chamber holds the entire structure, the other two chambers were the queen’s chamber and the king’s chamber respectively. Its Giza complex also includes other buildings including two temples made in honor of the pharaoh Khufu and three smaller pyramids dedicated to his wives. The complex also has small mastaba tombs and a small ‘satellite’ pyramid.
The Queen’s Chamber
The Queen’s Chamber measures 18.9 feet north to south and 17.2 feet east to west. It is characterized by a pointed roof that had an apex measuring 20.4 feet above the ground.
In 1993, Rudolf Gantenbrink, a German engineer explored the shafts in the Great Pyramid’s Queen’s Chamber. He used a crawler robot for the same that discovered that limestone doors with eroded handles blocked one of the shafts after a climb of 213 feet. Another research in 2002 found a door behind the southern door. Further researches and studies discovered hieroglyphs in red paint.
The King’s Chamber
The King’s Chamber measures 17.17 feet north to south and 34.4 feet from east to west. This chamber has a flat roof which is 19.20 feet above the ground. There are five ‘Relieving Chambers’ above this roof. Among these, the first four chambers have flat roofs while the last one consists of a pointed roof. Well, the King’s Chamber has only one object which is a rectangular granite sarcophagus with one damaged corner.