Facts About The Great Wall Of China: One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World


Wonders of the World Facts

The Great Wall of China with its literal meaning being “The 10,000-li Long Wall” is one of the popular and most-visited monuments in the world. Regarded as one of the 7 Wonders of the World, this world’s longest man-made structure has some stunning facts associated with it. One of those facts is that it was constructed to save the Chinese states from the Eurasian nomads and their polities. Read on and get to know more facts about this brilliant structure:

Dimensions 

China’s Great Wall has a total length of 13,170.70 miles or 21,196.18 km which is about half the length of the Earth’s Equator. The average width of the wall has been calculated to be about 6.5 meters while its average height is about 6-7 meters. Further, the lowest point of the wall is in Hebei which is right above the sea level while the highest point lies in Beijing at Heita Mountain.

Wonders of the World
Facts About The Great Wall Of China: One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World

Construction

It is said that several laborers lost their lives while striving to develop the Great Wall of China. Well, the construction of one of the 7 Wonders of the World started in the 7th century BC when several Chinese empires built several walls to protect their territories. Later, Qin Shi Huang (the first emperor of China) joined the selective stretches. After this, stretches of border walls were built by several dynasties with the major rebuilding done in the 14th century by the Ming Dynasty. Further, the last construction was made in the late Qing Dynasty in 1878.

Characteristics 

The Great Wall initially used wood, rammed earth, and stones and later involved bricks in its construction during the Ming Dynasty. Also, during this time, materials like lime, tiles, and stone were used. Well, the wall was built not as a single long line but as a collection of walls.

One of the popular world wonders, the wall is unique in every way. Its main purpose back then was to act as a defensive network from where army guards would survey the land and also communicate with other army units.

Well, the wall is not as simple as it seems. It consists of a barbican entrance, a horse road, fortresses for head-on battles, and towers for communication. Further, stables and barracks were constructed at that time near the inner surface of the wall and also wooden gates were employed as a trap. This longest monument among the 7 Wonders of the World also had a watch hole shooting hole, water spout, drainage ditch, and stone missile hole.

Condition

The condition of the Great Wall of China is deteriorating every year except for its well-preserved parts in the north of Beijing as well as around tourist centers. It is said that 1/3 of the wall’s structure has disappeared as a result of human activities like mining and weathering. In 2012, the National Cultural Heritage Administration claimed that over 1,900 km of the Great Wall in a certain region has vanished and about 22% of it has disappeared. Also, the erosion will lead to the major deterioration of the wall in the next 20-30 years.

Wonders of the World
Facts About The Great Wall Of China: One Of The 7 Wonders Of The World

Visibility From The Space

The 19th century gave rise to a rumor that the Great Wall of China can be observed from the moon with a naked eye. Later, this rumor was debunked many times. Also, NASA has claimed that the wall can also be observed from the Earth’s lower orbit under perfect conditions.

If you want to explore the wall as well as other new wonders of the world, what can be better than planning a trip today?

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