Colossus of Rhodes is one of the Wonders of the world that stands majestic on the Greek island of Rhodes. This is a statue of the Greek god Helios, placed by Chares of Lindos. Between 292 and 280 B.C.E, the statue was placed 70 cubits tall, standing as the tallest statue in the world but was damaged by a strong.
Erecting of the Colossus of Rhodes
The statue is located on the island of Rhodes located in the Aegean Sea. At the beginning of the 4th century Rhodes, and Ptolemy I of Egypt, jointly prevented an attack by their enemy Antigonus I Monophthalmus. In 304 BC as Ptolemy arrived with his troop, Demetrius and his army withdrew his siege, and to celebrate this victory, decided to build a colossal statue of the Greek god Helios under the guidance of Charles, a native of Lindos in Rhodes.
Construction of the Colossus
Beginning the construction in 292 BC, the statue was built with iron tie bars fixed with brass plates. It is the stone blocks that make up the interior of the statue. The structure looks 32 meters tall. With the modern concept, it is hypothesized that the statue was built based on the technology of the time but not of earthquake engineering. With a 59 feet base pedestal, the statue looks great in either circular or octagonal shape. Covered by thin bronze plates, the feet are sculptured in stone. The 60 inches curved bronze plates 60 inches were joined by rivets with the help of holes forming a series of rings.
Destruction of the Statue
For 56 years the statue stood strong and majestic but was defeated by a strong earthquake destroying this Wonder of the World in 224 B.C.E. The statue was destroyed and fell onto the land destroying all the commercial buildings and harbour surrounding it. After this Ptolemy III decided for the reconstruction of the statue, but the oracle of Delphi considered this destruction as the curse of offending the Helios, and so halted the rebuilding.
Remains of the Colossus of Rhodes
After the destruction, the remains of the statue remain in place for more than 800 years. Not only the statue, even the remains that are left over after the destruction attracted the people so that many travellers and tourists travel to see the impressive view of the statue.
Destruction of the Remains
A Muslim general Muawiyah I conquered Rhodes and began to melt the remains and decided to sell them to the Jewish merchant of Edessa. The destruction of the remains by the Arab and the sale to a Jew remains a great metaphor for Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the destruction of a great statue. Similarly, Bar Hebraeus recorded the same event in Syriac: “And a great number of men hauled on strong ropes which were tied around the brass Colossus which was in the city and pulled it down. They took three thousand loads of Corinthian brass, and sold it to a certain Jew from Emesa”.
By 2008, a new project was decided to rebuild a modern Colossus by The Guardian. This project was decided to be established at the harbour entrance by the German artist Gert Hof and the Cologne-based team. The planning included a giant light sculpture made of melted-down weapons from around the world with a €200 million budget. In December 2015, another massive plan was established by European architects but till now no such plan was found to be working with.