The ‘Tristan of the Macedonians’ is known as ‘The Temple of Aphrodite at Athens’ and was also called the ‘Tristan of Epirus’. The Temple of Aphrodite at Athens was a religious structure built by the ancient Greeks to honor and worship the Greek goddess Artemis, the virgin goddess of love and fertility. The name of the Temple of Aphrodite at Athens is a reference to the ancient goddess Artemis, a daughter of the River Strymon. According to the Greek myth, Artemis was the wife of the Ocean god Poseidon, but later on, he married her instead.
It was during the reign of Alexander the Great that the original Temple of Aphrodite in Athens was constructed. The construction of the temple was begun by Erectheus, who was the son of a priest of Aphrodite and a follower of the religion.
The Temple Of Aphrodite
The temple of Aphrodite at Athens was built in the Amphictyonic Temple of Artemis and was located in the center of Ephesus, where the two most important shrines in the ancient Greece were situated. The temple was dedicated to Artemis, the Moon-Goddess and Artemis, the Goddess of the Hunt.
During the first century of the third century B.C., the temple of Artemis was destroyed by the Persian King Xerxes and the Temple of Aphrodite at Athens was destroyed by the Seleucid king Seleucus Nicator. The second temple of Aphrodite was rebuilt but was then razed again in the first century of the third century B.C. The temple of Aphrodite at Athens was rebuilt by Cleisthenes. The third temple of Aphrodite at Athens was destroyed again by the Seleucid King Antipater in 332 B.C. The fourth temple of Aphrodite at Athens was renovated again by Antipater and rebuilt by Cleisthenes.
Role Of The Greek Historian Pausanius
In the fifth century B.C., the Greek historian Pausanius wrote about the temple of Aphrodite at Athens. Pausanius described how Cleisthenes and his mother Cleopatra used their influence in the city to have the priest Philetus removed from the Temple of Aphrodite. This priest was a follower of the Hellenistic cult of Venus, the divine woman that was worshiped by the followers of Cleisthenes in his city.
The priest Philetus and his mother Cleopatra had been a member of the cult of Venus when they removed him from the Temple of Aphrodite at Athens. Pausanius did not describe the circumstances under which the priests of the temple were removed from their posts at the Temple of Aphrodite, but he did say that Cleisthenes made them remove their priestly robes and bind them to poles outside the temple and brought them down to the portico of the temple where they were thrown in the sea.
Pausanius also described the scene inside the temple of Aphrodite and he showed a painting called “The Boatman and the Dove”. He said that when a dove visited the boat on which it landed, a message was passed on the side of the boat and the people who were on board had to ask for the god Artemis to send good things in return. The painter Pausanius then described the people as following the dove into the temple of Aphrodite.
Pausanius also described how the priests of the Temple of Aphrodite at Athens burnt incense on the altar on the day before the dedication of the temple. He also said that the priest Philetus burned incense in a temple dedicated to Artemis in the sixth century B.C. He also stated that the temple of Aphrodite is a small building surrounded by pillars.
The Statue Of Aphrodite
The statue of Aphrodite that is commonly found in the temple is a bust of a young man holding a torch in one hand and in the other a bow and arrows. The head of the man is crowned by a crown of laurel leaves and it is inscribed with the following inscription: “To Artemis, queen of the Gods, the greatest of all the goddesses, from whom we are born, the giver of all good, be praised by the name, you who have given me life, you who made me to be, and protect me in adversity, you who have brought me to the place of safety”.
Pausanius described the statue as being made of stone. His description also included a painting showing how the young man was carrying a torch in one hand and an arrow in the other and a vase containing a wreath in his left hand.
Pausanius did not write about the priests of the temple of Aphrodite as being punished for their disloyalty to the goddess. Pausanius wrote about the priests as being expelled from the temple in punishment for the crime of disobedience against the goddesses of the cult.