Anthropogenic Causes May Have Played a Role in the Relocation and Resettling of Cultural Centers in China

ancient civilizations in china

In a new paper published in Environmental Change, two researchers have studied the impacts of anthropogenic causes on ancient civilizations in China. Their research is based on the theory of “social capital,” which states that the human capacity to sustain social relations is enhanced by social networks. The findings show that anthropogenic social impact has been one of the most influential influencing factors in the relocation of ancient Chinese cultural centers. They also provide insight into why it may be difficult to relocate ancient Chinese cultural centers today.

About Archaeological Research

During archaeological research, it is common for researchers to examine artifacts from all periods and regions of human history. When studying ancient civilizations in China, however, researchers typically choose to examine only the sites where cultural records were preserved. Ancient Chinese cultural records are scarce, especially when compared with those preserved by the Europeans and Americans.

One of the problems with ancient Chinese records is that the records themselves are fragmented. The scholars who first began preserving these records after the Han Dynasty, which lasted from 250 B.C. to A.D. 220, did so by utilizing paper, ink, and cloth. These materials are very delicate and often need preservation methods. As a result, the early records do not provide a clear picture of the social networks in which they were created. Moreover, many of the records were destroyed during the time of warfare.

Today, in addition to looking at the archaeological records of ancient Chinese cities, scholars are looking to find a way to study the social networks in which these cultural centers were created. In this regard, there are two methods of determining social networks in an archaeological site. They can either use quantitative methods, such as archaeological analysis of artifacts, or qualitative methods, such as interviewing local inhabitants.

Qualitative Method In Ancient Civilizations An China

A man standing in front of a rock

As an example, using a qualitative method in ancient civilizations in China, researchers would ask local residents about the various activities they took part in. This could include anything from playing a game of basketball, a story about the death of a loved one, or even about the daily lives of their families. These personal memories can help scholars to draw conclusions about the different activities that were common among the people of different areas of the community. This qualitative information can then help scholars determine if there was any overlap in social networks among different areas of a community.

However, the qualitative method of studying ancient civilizations in China has its own challenges. One of these challenges is that the people interviewed in these types of interviews are likely to give biased responses. because they are likely to want to share positive stories about themselves and the city they live in. Additionally, it can be difficult to determine whether a person’s story accurately reflects his or her social networks.

Method Of Studying

In contrast, a more quantitative method of studying ancient civilizations in China, such as the archaeological analysis of artifacts, is more accurate. Using quantitative data, scholars can be sure to get a more complete picture of how these people lived and moved through their communities, allowing them to draw conclusions about the different aspects of their lives and how they lived in relation to one another. Because of this, a more precise understanding of social networks can be determined.


Anthropogenic causes may have played a role in the relocation and resettling of cultural centers in China. However, the most important factor in determining the location of these sites is the preservation of their cultural records. By better protecting the archaeological record of ancient Chinese cultural centers, researchers will be able to determine if the people who lived there had an influence on the way their culture moved forward.

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