In 225 BC, Philo defined the ancient wonders of the world as ‘Themata’, which means ‘things to be seen’. Ancient wonders of the world probably were the best examples of engineering techniques the world has ever seen. Though almost all wonders perished through the sands of time, they still have historical values.
Great Pyramid of Giza – Remaining of the Ancient Wonders of the World
The only ancient wonder that still exists in the modern world. For almost 4000 years, people considered this 146.5 meters high structure as the tallest until Lincoln Cathedral. Between 2584 and 2561 BCE, it was built for Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. Moreover, it was the biggest pyramid of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. It consists of 2.3 million limestone blocks and weighs almost 6 million tonnes. This big structure is also famous for its symmetrical design.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon – the Ancient Wonder which is Epitome of Love
Nebuchadnezzar II gifted this structure to his wife, as she missed the mountains and flowers of her motherland. This beautiful 75 feet structure consisted of exotic flora and faunas with a series of climbing terraces. Though built between 605 and 562 BCE, this wonder’s location was not established. Some said that this garden was purely mythical. But people like Philo believed the existence of the garden. According to their theory, an earthquake around the first century AD destroyed this structure.
Temple of Artemis at Ephesus – Gradual Ancient Wonder of the World
Artemision of the Temple of Artemis was built in three phases. Firstly, a 7th-century flood destroyed the first phase of the temple. Secondly, around 550 BC, Chersiphron started to build the second phase of the temple. Herostratus destroyed it around 356 BC by arson. Ephesians built the third and the most beautiful phase by their wealth. The 450 feet high temple also became the best version and one of the ancient wonders. In 268 AD, the destruction made by Goths closed the chapter permanently.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia
According to Greek mythologies, Zeus was the god of the sky and thunder and the King of Gods. Around the fifth century, Greek sculptor Phidias sculpted a giant 41 feet tall seated statue of Zeus. The Olympic custodian commissioned the great structure. The giant statue was lost and destroyed around 5th century AD. Other than the documents of ancient Greek description and coin representation, there is no sufficient proof of this great statue.
Mausoleum at Halicarnassus – One of the Ancient Wonders of the World with Different Architectures
Built between 353 and 350 BC, the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb for a native Anatolian and a satrap in the Empire of Achaemenid named Mausolus and his sister-wife Artemisia II. Greek Architects Satyros and Pythius designed this ancient wonder. Moreover, this 148 feet high structure boasted with sculptural reliefs at all the four sides of the structure. This aesthetically triumphant structure was also destroyed by the successive earthquakes from the 12th to the 15th century.
Colossus of Rhodes
Around 280 BC, Charles of Lindos built a statue of the Greek Sun God Hellos in the city of Rhodes. Historians labeled it as the Colossus of Rhodes. It was also a symbol of the successful defense against the Demetrius Poliorcetes. Its height was around 108 feet, which is almost equal to the height of the Statue of Liberty. Moreover, it was the tallest statues of the ancient world. It crumbled during 226 BC, possibly for an earthquake.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Ptolemy II built the Pharos of Alexandria or the Lighthouse of Alexandria around 280-247 BC. At that time, it cost 800 talents of silver. Over 300 feet tall, it was one of the tallest man-made buildings ever in the history of the ancient world. It was also the third-longest surviving ancient wonders. Although, three earthquakes between 956 and 1323 AD destroyed the structure and tagged it as abandoned. Later, people used the remnant stones to build the Citadel of Qaitbay.