Every person living in today’s modern world is aware of the 7 Wonders of the World but do you know seven wonders of the ancient world? The latter one was first defined as ‘things to be seen’ in ‘On The Seven Wonders’ by Philo Mechanicus in 225 BCE. These ancient wonders are remarkable constructions including architectural and sculptural of the Middle Eastern as well as the Mediterranean regions, which were part of the Greek culture. Given below is the list of 7 Wonders of Ancient World:
Great Pyramid Of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was constructed for the Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu between 2584 and 2561 BCE. Known for its imposing height and perfect symmetry, The Great Pyramid is one of the largest as well as the oldest of the three pyramids located in the Giza pyramid complex. It was built as a tomb, initially standing at 481 feet and stood as the world’s tallest man-made structure for over 3,800 years.
The pyramid has three chambers, the lowest chamber upon which the pyramid was built, the King’s Chamber and the Queen’s Chamber that lay at the top of the structure. According to the estimations, The Great Pyramid weighs about 6 million tonnes and has 2.3 million blocks of granite and limestone.
Hanging Gardens Of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, according to one legend, was a gift of Neo-Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II to his Median wife Queen Amytis. Nebuchadnezzar who ruled from 605 to 562 BC commanded the construction of the hanging gardens as her wife missed the green valleys and hills of her homeland. This is why the structure comprised an ascending series of tiered gardens resembling a large green mountain and containing a variety of flora and fauna.
The Hanging Gardens existed in the city of Babylon near Hillah which presently lies in the Babil province of Iraq.
Temple Of Artemis
The list of the wonders of the ancient world also includes Temple Of Artemis, a Greek temple that took more than 120 years to get constructed and just a single night to destroy. The temple dedicated to the Greek goddess of the hunt and the wilderness, Artemis, was built in Ephesus (near present-day Selçuk). It was sponsored by King Croesus of Lydia and completed in 550 BCE as a structure that was 425 feet long and 225 feet wide. In 356 BCE, the temple was set to fire by a man named Herostratus who wished to have lasting fame by destroying something so beautiful. However, the temple was rebuilt after Alexander the Great’s death and was again destroyed. The second reconstruction of the temple also took place and it was finally destroyed in 401 CE.
Statue Of Zeus At Olympia
Created by the legendary Greek sculptor Phidias in 435 BC, The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a huge 40 feet tall seated figure of the sky and thunder god, Zeus. The statue depicted the god on a cedar wood throne featuring robes of hammered gold and skin of ivory.
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia disintegrated after the ban of the Olympic Games and the rise of Christianity. It was taken to Constantinople, the capital city of the Roman Empire where it was destroyed in the 5th or the 6th century.
Mausoleum At Halicarnassus
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus built c. 351 BCE, was the tomb of an Anatolian from Caria named Mausolus and his sister-wife Artemisia. Mausolus who chose Halicarnassus as his capital city went on to create a beautiful city alongside his wife. Mausolus died in 353 BCE and his wife created a final resting place for him. Artemisia eventually died two years later and her ashes were also entombed in the mausoleum.
Well, The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was 135 feet, decorated with fine sculpture. Ruined by a series of earthquakes, the tomb saw its final destruction in 1494 CE.
Colossus Of Rhodes
Colossus Of Rhodes was a statue built in 280 BC by Chares of Lindos. It featured the Greek sun-god Helios and was erected in the city of Rhodes. The statue stood at 108 feet high, making it the tallest statue of the historic world. It was unfortunately destroyed by the earthquake in 226 BC.
Lighthouse Of Alexandria
Lighthouse Of Alexandria was built during the rule of Ptolemy II Philadelphus who ruled from 280–247 BC. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the lighthouse was about 330 feet. It was damaged by three earthquakes and eventually became an abandoned ruin.