7 Impressive Facts About The Infamous Taj Mahal

A group of people standing in front of a castle

Taj Mahal, also known as ‘crown of palaces’ in Arabic stands tall in Agra, India. This ivory-white marble monument was commissioned by the Shah Jahan, a Mughal emperor who reigned during the 1600s. The mausoleum houses the tomb of the emperor’s favorite wife Mumtaz Mahal who died while giving birth to their fourteenth child in 1631. Here are some impressive facts about this great monument.

Construction Of Taj Mahal

A year later following the death of Mumtaz Mahal in 1631, Shah Jahan ordered the construction of the Taj Mahal. About 20,000 craftsmen and laborers were hired by the ruler’s architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. It involved the use of several materials including the white marble which came from Makrana, Rajasthan. Many materials came from other countries including crystal and jade from China, sapphire from Sri Lanka, and turquoise from Tibet.

The Taj Mahal
7 Impressive Facts About The Infamous Taj Mahal

Although the construction of this monument concluded in the year 1643, its work continued in the subsequent years as well. Further, the total cost of the project was about 32 million rupees (currently U.S. $916 million).

The Tomb

The main focus of this white monument is obviously the tombs of Shah Jahan and his wife. The white marble structure stands on a square-shaped platform with an arch-shaped doorway which is surmounted by a dome. This dome is about 115 feet high and sits on a cylindrical drum which is 23 feet high.

Well, the tomb is framed by four minarets with one each situated at every corner of the arch-shaped doorway. The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of the late emperor and his wife while the lower level houses their actual graves.

Taj Mahal & Its Changing Colors

The color of this great white building changes according to the duration of the day or night as well as the condition of the sky. During the early morning hours, one can witness a pinkish hue on it while the monument looks milky white in the evening. Further, it has a blue hue on it at night. The changing color moods are quite fascinating and one of the sought-after things by the visitors.

Role Of The Yamuna River

The famous Mahal is situated on the river Yamuna’s southern banks. According to researchers, the foundation of this infamous monument has been kept strong by the river itself which is keeping it moist. Otherwise, its wooden foundation would have been collapsed since wood can easily weaken over time.

The Calligraphy 

The calligraphy work on the Mahal’s walls as well as the tomb was created by Abdul Haq who took it from Quran Sharif. It was done in 1609 after which Haq received the prestigious title of ‘Amanat Khan’.

The Garden

Taj Mahal Complex
7 Impressive Facts About The Infamous Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal complex lies around a Mughal garden that measures 980 feet. The four quarters of this garden are divided into 16 flowerbeds with the help of raised pathways. The center of the garden has a marble water tank with a pool that reflects the Mahal’s image in its water. This mesmerizing phenomenon is worth-seeing and capture on a camera.

Other Buildings In The Taj Mahal Complex

The other notable buildings of the complex include several small mausoleums such as those of Mumtaz’s favorite servant and the emperor’s other wives. There are two red sandstone buildings at the two end of the complex mirroring each other. One of these buildings is a mosque and the other one is possibly a guesthouse.

Plan a visit to the Taj Mahal right today. Don’t forget to take the right camera to click tons of pictures with your loved ones!

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